MREs, The Challenges
MREs, THE CHALLENGES
80% of the world's consumed energy comes from fossil fuel (oil, gas, coal). That energy is also the n°1 source of greenhouse gases, responsible for global warming and its consequences - rising sea level, floods and droughts, extinction of certain species, etc.
At the same time, there are less and less fossil energy deposits, which means an increase in prices. Considering the present consumption rate, oil reserveces will be depleted in the coming decades and gas reserves will be depleted in the coming decades and gas reserves within two to three centuries.
In the present context of a global environment and energy crisis, the only solution is to identify a new model for consumption and development.
Renewables energies (sun, wind, biomass, geothermal) offer a genuine alternative. They offer a production source for sustainable energy, more respectful of the environment. They also offer an opportunity to reduce our dependence on fossil energies.
Renewable energies are developing worldwide at a strong pace and at a growth rate of 30% par annum. Among them, marine renewable energies (MREs) are produced from marine resources (winds, currents, tides, waves) and offer most promising opportunities. The French offshore production could generate 40 TWh/year, i.e. 10% of the French annual consumption in electricity.