The Economic Challenge


Marine Renewable Energies open new market perspectives for French businesses at national and international level. They also offer the Normandy regional economy an opportunity for development and diversification, i.e. opportunities for local jobs.

One megawatt of electricity produced from marine renewable energies would generate 10 direct and indirect jobs in the tidal energy sector and 7 in the offshore wind sector. The construction of farms off the French coast and all related industrial projects could create up to 10,000 direct, sustainable jobs in France.

Eolien Maritime France (EDF / Dong Energy / WPD Consortium) will be working in association with GE (Alstom) on the construction of three offshore wind farms, including those of Courseulles-sur-mer and Fécamp. The wind turbines will be manufactured entirely in France: four new manufacturing plants, including two in Cherbourg, will be constructed to house the production units. This could mean a total of 5,000 direct and indirect jobs, including 500 in Cherbourg*.

The Dieppe-Le Tréport development will be driven by the ENGIE / EDP Renewables/Neoen Marine Consortium, installing farms between the islands of Yeu and Noirmoutier and off Saint-Brieux. These three developments will be fitting ADWEN (ex Areva) wind turbines. Their production calls for the erection of four main manufacturing plants in Le Havre, and the involvement of two other production units in Le Havre and inn Dunkirk, i.e. a total of  1,500 directs and 4,500 indirect jobs**.

The activity of each of these production units will be consolidated through bookings for the export market: GE and ADWEN have already received international orders for their wind turbine model.

The offshore wind farms will also require the installation of maintenance centres that will generate hundreds of sustainable jobs at each location.

As for tidal energy generation, this nascent market is moving adeah on a fast track. By 203, it could produce 70 to 100 billion euros worldwide… The object of running the two pilot tidal arrays immersed in the Blanchard Race is to lead to commercial generation on the long term. Industrial scale production would here again, require the construction of production and assembly plants, as well as maintenance centres. The production of some one hundred tidal turbines per year over 5 years would create 1,300 local jobs.

* Sources : Alstom
** Sources : Eoliennes en mer Dieppe-Le Tréport


Tidal Today: France declares its tidal energy potential
West Normandy Marine Energy president François Piquet and Ports of Normandy chief executive Jean Michel Sevin discuss developments at France’s foremost tidal power hub.

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